In one of the world’s most wired nations on Earth, e-sports — South Korea’s national pastime — has turned into a national crisis, with at least 680,000 children aged between 10 and 19 now addicted to online gaming. They say children are the future of a country, but with nearly 1 in 10 children (that’s 10% though VICE estimates it can be as high as 50%) spending 7 to 20 hours a day playing video games, the future of South Korea is all but lost.
StarCraft, a game released by Blizzard Entertainment in 1998, is a
mainstay of the country’s professional gaming leagues (the South Korean
gaming market is worth $9.16 billion). Lee Young-ho, a StarCraft player
for KT Rolster — the South Korean professional StarCraft: Brood War and StarCraft II team —
is one of the ‘professionals’ who are destroying their lives and their
bodies playing online games like Starcraft and League of Legends.
After repetitive strain of gaming for over 10 years injured and
deformed Lee’s muscles, KT Rolster paid for his surgery to save his
illustrious career as a ‘sportsman’. Lee calls the half an inch wide
post-operative scar — stretched from just above the elbow and up over his right shoulder — a badge of honor. Kang Doh Kyung, Lee’s coach, tells BBC:
I believe that e-sport has plenty of potential [to be regarded as a
proper sport], although perhaps not as much as physical games. E-sports
is in the process of becoming a mental sport like chess… When people
immerse themselves in something and become addicted to it, then they
cross the line. Our bodies might be very tired or in poor condition.
These things happen not only while playing games. Even when people work
out, some people can have a heart attack.”
When BBC News reporter Dave Lee visited KT Rolster’s
Starcraft and League of Legends’ players’ training rooms, he saw healthy
and happy gamers training hard to be Lee. While they seemed well
looked-after to Dave, the same gamers suffer career-ending chronic
injuries — just like athletes — and drop like flies due to constant pointing and clicking.
In 2005, a 28-year-old gamer collapsed and died from organ failure
after playing for 50 hours straight. In 2010, a married couple from
Suwon was charged with negligent homicide and sentenced to two years in
prison for starving their three-month-old daughter to death while they raised a virtual child
in an online game. The same year, a 22-year-old player was arrested for
killing his mother who nagged him for spending too much time gaming;
after committing the murder he went to a nearby Internet cafe to
continue with his obsession. In 2011, a 21-year-old online gaming addict
was found dead in his home in Inchon, apparently. The list is endless…
After young gamers started suffering from sleep deprivation, mood
swings, and seizures, the government passed the “Cinderella Act” or the
“Shutdown Law” late 2011, to prevent children under the age of 16 from
playing online games between midnight and 6 a.m.
Though, even after five years, nothing has changed. Millions of non-professionals — kids, teens, and adolescents — are turning into zombies just like professional gamers: by spending up to 18 hours a day inside tiny cubicles at PC Bangs — South Korean Internet cafes with high-end gaming PCs. In an interview to VICE in 2015, a teenage boy admitted to spending on average 88 hours per week playing video games.
Jun Byung-hun, a South Korean National Assembly member and the head
of the country’s e-sports governance body (KeSPA), says moderation is
But is gaming an issue, or is gaming addiction a manifestation of
deeper issues? In South Korea, schooling is very demanding. A 2011 study
found that teenage students were spending more than 2 hours every day after school
playing video games. When the young minds see players like Jung
Myung-hoon and Yo Hwan-lim earn close to $400,000 a year battling it out
in professional StarCraft leagues watched by millions of fans on two of
Korea’s major TV channels, they are bound to go astray.
“A small percentage of adolescents who drop out of school and haunt
the Internet cafes because of an Internet addiction problem do not get
attention from anybody, which can be a serious threat to the society in the future,” says Jung-Hye Kwon, a professor of psychology at Korea University.
Hoping to combat addiction and treat the growing number of teenagers
who’ve lost themselves to online gaming, the government has set up
rehabilitation centers across the country. South Korea is also debating
the impending Game Addiction Law, which aims to classify video games as an addictive substance, similar to drugs and alcohol.
However, with professional gaming or e-Sports being a multi-million
dollar industry in Korea, the bigger question is: Will the game
companies allow any law — that brands their product as addictive — or any effort — that brings their profits down — to see the light of the day?
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