Vladimir Markin, a former spokesman for the government’s official Investigative Committee, said the committee had called for an inquiry to find out what happened to the original footage of the first moon landing in 1969 and also lunar rock, brought back to Earth during the several “missions”.
The moon landings have been a staple of conspiracy theorists everywhere since 1969 – most claim the missions were faked on a Hollywood style film set.
Mr Markin, who resigned from the post in October, did not go as far as suggesting the missions were faked, but said as part of world history it was right to establish what happened and an inquiry could provide new insights into the historical journeys.
He said: “We are not contending that they did not fly [to the moon], and simply made a film about it. But all of these scientific — or perhaps cultural — artefacts are part of the legacy of humanity, and their disappearance without a trace is our common loss. An investigation will reveal what happened.”
The call comes amid ongoing tension between Russia and the US over world affairs and a return to the “space race.”
In 2009, NASA said it “erased” the original video recordings of the first moon landing among 200,000 other tapes in order to save money.
It has since said restored copies of the landing had been put together using recordings from news footage at the time.
NASA claims because of restoration work undertaken during this, the recordings’ quality is better than the original which is no longer available.
In 2001 David McKay, chief scientist for planetary science and exploration at NASA’s Johnson Space Center, said most of the soil and rock removed from the Moon was stored there, but is is unclear where it all is now, 46 years on.
US media has speculated that the call is no more than a smear since the US brought about the downfall of FIFA’s leadership following its corruption inquiry.
This was because in an article for Russian newspaper Izvestia Mr Markin said US authorities had “crossed a line by launching a large-scale corruption probe targeting nine FIFA officials.”
He argued this lay the US open to scrutiny of its own actions due to the high number of conspiracy theories that the Moon landing videos were faked due one of the flags having an shadow and blowing in the wind despite thee being no atmosphere and other anomalies.
He wrote: “US prosecutors have declared themselves the supreme arbiters of international football affairs.”
Mr Markin said after resigning last month that he will serve as the first deputy general director of the RusHydro energy holding.