Bermuda Triangle: Scientists disagree on whether the cause is above or below the ocean.
The Bermuda Triangle covers 440,000 square miles of sea in a triangle – from Bermuda in the North Atlantic Ocean, to the Florida coast and on to Puerto Rico.
The disappearances in the infamous region has repeatedly been blamed on the paranormal – with suggestions it could be a vortex to another dimension which has transported the poor souls on board away from our universe.
But scientists believe there could be a much more Earthly, and provable explanations, for the legend also known as the Devil’s Triangle.
Unfortunately not everyone agrees on whether the force of nature comes from above or below the waves.
One one side, researchers have found huge undersea craters which could be tell-tale signs on why vessels went missing and were possibly blown to smithereens, to end up at the bottom of the sea.
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The up to half-mile-wide and 150ft deep craters in the Barents Sea are thought to have been caused by a build-up of methane.
They are just off the Norweaigan coast – a country rich in natural gas reserves.
Methane is likely to have leaked from deposits of natural gas deeper below the sea bed, then created cavities which eventually burst, once the pressure gets too high, the scientists said.
This would lead to a massive blow up of gas, which could cause a boat or ship to fail if it was passing at the height of the explosion.
Russian scientist Igor Yeltsov, deputy head of the Trofimuk Institute, said: “There is a version that the Bermuda Triangle is a consequence of gas hydrates reactions.
Bermuda Triangle: Ships and planes have been going missing since the 1940s.
“They start to actively decompose with methane ice turning into gas.
“It happens in an avalanche-like way, like a nuclear reaction, producing huge amounts of gas.
“That makes the ocean heat up and ships sink in its waters mixed with a huge proportion of gas.
“The crater area is likely to represent one of the largest hotspots for shallow marine methane release in the Arctic.”
Not everyone agrees, however.
Helen Czerski, a physicist and oceanographer said that the methane bubbles would quickly break into smaller ones before reaching the surface.
She said there would not be one big bubble that exploded at the surface.
All that would happen, would be the bubbles would cause a ship to rise up and move away to the side.
She said: “The bubbles actually make the ship go up – not down – and methane bubble releases in the Bermuda Triangle definitely do not sink ships.”
Another theory is that the force of nature comes from above from “hexagonal clouds,” an extremely rare, bizarre and severe weather pattern, over the region could be to blame.
Experts first found hexagonal clouds, a very rare cloud formation, in the North Sea near to Britain,
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There is a version that the Bermuda Triangle is a consequence of gas hydrates reactions.
Dr Steve Miller, satellite meteorologist at Colorado State University, said: “You don’t typically see straight edges with clouds. Most of the time, clouds are random in their distribution.”
Using radar satellites to measure what was happening beneath the clouds, they found that sea level winds were reaching almost 170 miles an hour – powerful enough to generate waves of over 45 feet high – as ‘air bombs’ are forced to come crashing down towards the ocean.
They also noted that the same clouds were appearing over the western tip of the Bermuda triangle, with the clouds even bigger, ranging from 20 to 55 miles across.
Meteorologist Randy Cerveny explained just how powerful the wind coming from the clouds can be.
He said: “These types of hexagonal shapes over the ocean are in essence air bombs.
“They form microbursts and they’re blasts of air that come down out of the bottom of a cloud and then hit the ocean and then create waves that can sometimes be massive in size.”
The wind blast from microburst can spread outwards at speeds of 170 miles per hour – more than enough to flip ships and push planes down – which could explain how ships such as the USS Cyclops.
Again, not all scientists agree.
Meteorologist Kevin Corriveau said the hexagonal shape of the Bermuda clouds did NOT display the distinctive signature of a microburst.
He said: “You would normally have one large to extremely large thunderstorm that wouldn’t have an opening in the middle.”
He argued that the weather patterns in the North Sea and Bermuda Triangle area were too different to allow comparisons between similar cloud shapes.
He said: “I wouldn’t say what we’re seeing in the Bahamas is the exact same as in the North Sea.”
Hundreds of boats and planes have been lost within and just outside the triangle since Christopher Columbus was the first to record its existence, noting his ship’s compass stopped working and he saw a fireball in the sky.
The the first reported ship with a radio lost in the triangle was the USS Cyclops ship in 191.
An average of four planes and 20 boats have been reported lost a year, with no trace of any debris, due to the Gulf Stream being believed to move them away.
Disappearances have been blamed on UFOs, strange mists, and even time travel.
The biggest recorded loss was in 1945 when five US Navy Avenger torpedo bombers flying from Fort Lauderdale, Florida, to Bimini Island never showed up after a radio call from the 14 men on board that their compasses stopped working.
Three rescue planes also disappeared.