Archaeologists unearned around seven pounds of ancient golden artifacts from Sytahins in Russia. Included in the golden artifacts were bongs that experts have now decided were used for cannabis and opium.
The golden vessels were discovered in a massive grave mound in the Caucasus Mountains of southern Russia, where historians believed the Scythians ruled between 9th century BC and 4th century AD. The chamber in which they were discovered was lined with stones and hidden with clay.Gr
Included amongst the items researchers also found a finger ring, two neck rings, and a gold bracelet.
The bongs that were found are believed to be some of the oldest currently in existence. Many historians agree that the Scythians smoked, and also brewed concoctions that included cannabis and opium in order to achieve a proper state of mind before they entered into battle.
One famed Greek historian known as Herodotus, who died in 425BC explained in his writing,
‘Scythians used a plant to produce smoke that no Grecian vapour-bath can surpass which made them shout aloud.’
Andrei Belinski began the excavation back in 2013, however, he wasn’t very optimistic about it, due to the fact that it appeared that others had already excavated it in the past. But within a few short weeks, they discovered a large layer of clay. After they began digging deeper and deeper, they found the chamber buried beneath.
“It was definitely a surprise for us,” Belinski says. “We weren’t expecting to find anything like this.”
The historic paraphernalia, which they believe dates back at least 4,200 years, had a thick layer of black residue inside of it. They later had the vessels tested after reading the ancient writings of Herodotus, which indicated the drug use practices of the ancients who existed in the region at the time. Of course, other artifacts were also discovered including many that included highly detailed objects that researchers hope will shed light on the Scythian culture in the future.